People with type 2 diabetes make  insulin like everyone else,  but it does not work properly.


What Causes Type 2 Diabetes?

Eating too much fatty food and getting overweight.

Too much fat stops insulin from working properly.

photo of french fries         photo of hamburger           photo of fried food         photo of chocolate

Chips                Hamburger              Fried Food           Chocolate


Eating too much sugar.

You can get overweight from eating too many sugary foods.

Being overweight stops insulin from working properly.

photo of icecream         photo of cake                photo of can of soft drink

Ice Cream              Cake                    Soft Drink


Not being active enough.

Your can get overweight if you don't have enough exercise.

illustration of overweight person eating unhealthy food lying in the sun


Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes


person falling asleep at computer     person drinking from drink bottle

Tired                                                                               Thirsty


person entering toilet

The need to go to the toilet often to pass urine,

especially at night.   


Living with Type 2 Diabetes

If you have Type 2 diabetes you will need to:

tick symbol     photo of plate with healthy meal     Eat healthy foods


tick symbol      symbol with various exercise activitie      Exercise regularly


tick symbol           Visit the doctor regularly


tick symbol     synbol with set of scales     Maintain a healthy weight


tick symbol     stop smoking symbol     Stop smoking


Some people with type 2 diabetes also need to:


tick symbol     symbol with finger and drop of blood     Test their blood glucose levels


tick symbol     symbol with image of medication, pills     Take diabetes medication


tick symbol     symbol with syringe and insulin     Have insulin injections


Diabetes and your Heart

If you have type 2 diabetes you need to look after your heart because a lot of people with type 2 diabetes get heart problems.

Long Term Complications

If you do not ...

  • Eat healthy food
  • Exercise regularly, or
  • Visit you doctor and diabetes health team for regular checkups

... you can make yourself very sick.

image of person lying in hospital bed

You could have problems with your:

  • Eyes
  • Feet
  • Heart
  • Kidneys
  • Nervous system